Mendès France, Pierre

(1907-1982)
   political figure
   Born and educated in Paris, Pierre Mendès France practiced law and, at age 25, was elected as a Radical-socialist deputy. in 1938, he served as undersecretary of the treasury and, during World War ii, after escaping from the prison where he had been held by the vichy regime, reached Great Britain, where he joined the Free French air force. He was named minister of economics in the provisional government of General charles de gaulle,to whom he also served as financial adviser. Following the establishment of the fourth republic (1946), Mendès France served in the National Assembly as a member of the Radical Party and opposed the government's fiscal policies. He advocated French disengagement in indochina and, in July 1954, as premier, negotiated the French withdrawal from that region (Geneva Accords). His premiership saw the beginning of the Algerian conflict, and he negotiated the treaty that led to Tunisian independence. in February 1955, after a debate in the National Assembly on North African policy, his government fell. As a leader of the Radical Party and the Radical-Socialists (1955-57), Mendès France was one of the founders of the Republican Front, a noncommunist leftist coalition. Minister of state in the government of guy mollet (1956), he soon resigned in protest over policy toward Algeria. After the May 13, 1958, uprising in Algiers, he took a stronger position against the Gaullist administration. Joining the socialist party after leaving the Radicals, he became known as a main spokesperson for a section of the French Left. Pierre Mendès France's writings include Gouverner, c'est choiser (195 3); La Science économique et l'Action (1954); La République moderne (1962); Pour préparer l'avenir (1968); and La vérité guidait leurs pas (1976).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MENDÈS-FRANCE, PIERRE — (1907–1982), French statesman. Born and educated in Paris, his university thesis Le Redressement Financier Francais en 1926 et 1927 (1928) attracted   considerable attention and his later study, L Oeuvre financière du gouvernement Poincaré (1928) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mendès-France, Pierre — born Jan. 11, 1907, Paris, France died Oct. 18, 1982, Paris French politician and premier (1954–55). Born into a Jewish family, he became a lawyer and served in the Chamber of Deputies (1932–40). In World War II he was imprisoned by the Vichy… …   Universalium

  • Mendès-France, Pierre — (1907–82)    French statesman. Mendès France was one of the most intelligent and courageous leaders France has had in modern times. Born in Paris, he joined the Radical Socialist party at the age of sixteen, and at twenty five was the youngest… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Mendès-France,Pierre — Men·dès France (mĕn dĭs frăns , mäɴ dĕs fräɴsʹ), Pierre. 1907 1982. French politician who as prime minister (1954 1955) negotiated the withdrawal of France from Indochina and resigned when his liberal policies on the North African colonies were… …   Universalium

  • Mendes-France, Pierre — (1907 82)    French politician. Born in Paris, he joined the radical socialist party and later became a member of the national assembly. He held a junior post in the Popular Front government from 1936 8. After the Nazi occupation, he became a… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Mendès-France, Pierre — (11 ene. 1907, París, Francia–18 oct. 1982, París). Político y primer ministro francés (1954–55). Nacido en una familia judía, se tituló de abogado y fue miembro de la Cámara de Diputados (1932–40). En la segunda guerra mundial fue encarcelado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mendès-France, Pierre —  (1907–1982) French prime minister (1954–1955) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Mendès-France — Pierre Mendès France Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mendès (homonymie), France (homonymie) et Mendès France (homonymie). Pierre Mendès France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mendès France — Pierre Mendès France Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mendès (homonymie), France (homonymie) et Mendès France (homonymie). Pierre Mendès France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Mendes France — Pierre Mendès France Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mendès (homonymie), France (homonymie) et Mendès France (homonymie). Pierre Mendès France …   Wikipédia en Français

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